Extreme weather could simply mean the normal whether occurring on a large and devastating scale. Examples of extreme whether include hurricanes, tornadoes, snowstorms, snowdrifts, floods, drought, and increased heat waves hitting the earth surface.
Since extreme weather conditions are not anthropogenic, we absolutely have no control over them, but we can take some relevant precautions to mitigate their effects on our lives. Here are some of the precautions that will help you in case you are in extreme weather.
• Identify the risk. As said before, snowstorms start as normal snow falls then worsen into storms. To be prepared for this, you must be able to know when the risk is due to strike. You can get a warning from your country’s weather forecast team, in this case, you must take the warnings seriously.
• Once you are aware of the risk, you can take the following precautions:
During snowstorms, carbon-monoxide deaths are so common, so to avoid being a victim of this, ensure that you don’t use any devices that use burning charcoal, natural gas, propane or gasoline inside an enclosed room. Instead locate the device at least 20 feet away from windows or doors that could allow carbon monoxide get into the room.
Fully insulate your house by installing storm windows to keep all cold air out and keep the room warm.
Keep fire extinguishers ready and have fire alarms installed, this is because, in the past, fire disasters have been common during cold seasons as people try to keep the rooms warm.
Also ensure you have a heavy winter coat, extra blankets and a fireplace or a wood burning stove for keeping yourself warm in case of a power outage.
• Buy a radio from the National oceanic and atmospheric association, so that you can hear when the association issues a tornado warning for your area. Once the warning is issued, quickly gather your family into a safe room in the building.
• You should also get from the federal emergency management agency, a free plan for building a safe room that can withstand strong winds and the flying debris.
• Once the warning is issued, quickly respond by doing the following:
If you are at home, rush to the basement or in any interior room in the first floor.
If you are in a public building, rush to the safe room, an interior room like the wash rooms, a stellar or basement.
In case the tornadoes find in an open field, lie in a nearby ditch. Also cover your head to be safe from the flying debris which can cause death.
• If you live in a flood likely are, construct barriers like flood walls, to keep floods from invading your home
• Also, if you are is flood likely, listen to radio or watch television for flood warnings.
• Once hear the warnings, respond immediately by doing the following:
Move to higher rooms.
Turn off all main switches in the room.
Avoid touching electrical appliances if you are wet.
• After the floods, confirm from radio news or TV weather the water supply in your area is safe for drinking to avoid contracting water borne diseases.